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Research schools

Bruhat-Tits theory applies to a semisimple group G, defined over an henselian discretly valued field K, such that G admits a Borel K-subgroup after an extension of K. The construction of the theory goes then by a deep Galois descent argument for the building and also for the parahoric group scheme. In the case of unramified extension, that descent has been achieved by Bruhat-Tits at the end of [BT2]. The tamely ramified case is due to G. Rousseau [R]. Recently, G. Prasad found a new way to investigate the descent part of the theory. This is available in the preprints [Pr1, Pr2] dealing respectively with the unramified case and the tamely ramified case. It is much shorter and the method is based more on fine geometry of the building (e.g. galleries) than algebraic groups techniques. Bruhat-Tits theory applies to a semisimple group G, defined over an henselian discretly valued field K, such that G admits a Borel K-subgroup after an extension of K. The construction of the theory goes then by a deep Galois descent argument for the building and also for the parahoric group scheme. In the case of unramified extension, that descent has been achieved by Bruhat-Tits at the end of [BT2]. The tamely ramified case is due to G. ...

20G15 ; 20E42 ; 51E24

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Research talks

Twistor Theory was proposed in the late 1960s by Roger Penrose as a potential geometric unification of general relativity and quantum mechanics. During the past 50 years, there have been many mathematical advances and achievements in twistor theory. In physics, however, there are aspirations yet to be realised. Twistor Theory and Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) share a common background. Their aims are very much related. Is there more to it? This talk will sketch the geometry and symmetry behind twistor theory with the hope that links with LQG can be usefully strengthened. We believe there is something significant going on here: what could it be? Twistor Theory was proposed in the late 1960s by Roger Penrose as a potential geometric unification of general relativity and quantum mechanics. During the past 50 years, there have been many mathematical advances and achievements in twistor theory. In physics, however, there are aspirations yet to be realised. Twistor Theory and Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) share a common background. Their aims are very much related. Is there more to it? This ...

32L25 ; 53A30 ; 53C28

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Research talks

This talk focuses on challenges that we address when designing linear solvers that aim at achieving scalability on large scale computers, while also preserving numerical robustness. We will consider preconditioned Krylov subspace solvers. Getting scalability relies on reducing global synchronizations between processors, while also increasing the arithmetic intensity on one processor. Achieving robustness relies on ensuring that the condition number of the preconditioned matrix is bounded. We will discuss two different approaches for this. The first approach relies on enlarged Krylov subspace methods that aim at computing an enlarged subspace and obtain a faster convergence of the iterative method. The second approach relies on a multilevel Schwarz preconditioner, a multilevel extension of the GenEO preconditioner, that is basedon constructing robustly a hierarchy of coarse spaces. Numerical results on large scale computers, in particular for linear systems arising from solving linear elasticity problems, will discuss the efficiency of the proposed methods. This talk focuses on challenges that we address when designing linear solvers that aim at achieving scalability on large scale computers, while also preserving numerical robustness. We will consider preconditioned Krylov subspace solvers. Getting scalability relies on reducing global synchronizations between processors, while also increasing the arithmetic intensity on one processor. Achieving robustness relies on ensuring that the condition ...

65F08 ; 65F10 ; 65N55

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Research talks

The productivity of the $\kappa $-chain condition, where $\kappa $ is a regular, uncountable cardinal, has been the focus of a great deal of set-theoretic research. In the 1970’s, consistent examples of $kappa-cc$ posets whose squares are not $\kappa-cc$ were constructed by Laver, Galvin, Roitman and Fleissner. Later, ZFC examples were constructed by Todorcevic, Shelah, and others. The most difficult case, that in which $\kappa = \aleph{_2}$, was resolved by Shelah in 1997.
In the first part of this talk, we shall present analogous results regarding the infinite productivity of chain conditions stronger than $\kappa-cc$. In particular, for any successor cardinal $\kappa$, we produce a ZFC example of a poset with precaliber $\kappa$ whose $\omega ^{th}$ power is not $\kappa-cc$. To do so, we introduce and study the principle $U(\kappa , \mu , \theta , \chi )$ asserting the existence of a coloring $c:\left [ \kappa \right ]^{2}\rightarrow \theta $ satisfying a strong unboundedness condition.
In the second part of this talk, we shall introduce and study a new cardinal invariant $\chi \left ( \kappa \right )$ for a regular uncountable cardinal $\kappa$ . For inaccessible $\kappa$, $\chi \left ( \kappa \right )$ may be seen as a measure of how far away $\kappa$ is from being weakly compact. We shall prove that if $\chi \left ( \kappa \right )> 1$, then $\chi \left ( \kappa \right )=max(Cspec(\kappa ))$, where:
(1) Cspec$(\kappa)$ := {$\chi (\vec{C})\mid \vec{C}$ is a sequence over $\kappa$} $\setminus \omega$, and
(2) $\chi \left ( \vec{C} \right )$ is the least cardinal $\chi \leq \kappa $ such that there exist $\Delta\in\left [ \kappa \right ]^{\kappa }$ and
b : $\kappa \rightarrow \left [ \kappa \right ]^{\chi }$ with $\Delta \cap \alpha \subseteq \cup _{\beta \in b(\alpha )}C_{\beta }$ for every $\alpha < \kappa$.
We shall also prove that if $\chi (\kappa )=1$, then $\kappa$ is greatly Mahlo, prove the consistency (modulo the existence of a supercompact) of $\chi (\aleph_{\omega +1})=\aleph_{0}$, and carry a systematic study of the effect of square principles on the $C$-sequence spectrum.
In the last part of this talk, we shall unveil an unexpected connection between the two principles discussed in the previous parts, proving that, for infinite regular cardinals $\theta< \kappa ,\theta \in Cspec(\kappa )$ if there is a closed witness to $U_{(\kappa ,\kappa ,\theta ,\theta )}$.
This is joint work with Chris Lambie-Hanson.
The productivity of the $\kappa $-chain condition, where $\kappa $ is a regular, uncountable cardinal, has been the focus of a great deal of set-theoretic research. In the 1970’s, consistent examples of $kappa-cc$ posets whose squares are not $\kappa-cc$ were constructed by Laver, Galvin, Roitman and Fleissner. Later, ZFC examples were constructed by Todorcevic, Shelah, and others. The most difficult case, that in which $\kappa = \aleph{_2}$, ...

03E35 ; 03E05 ; 03E75 ; 06E10

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Research talks

In the talk I will discuss rationality criteria for Fano 3-folds of geometric Picard number 1 over a non-closed field $k$ of characteristic 0. Among these there are 8 types of geometrically rational varieties. We prove that in one of these cases any variety of this type is k-rational, in four cases the criterion of rationality is the existence of a $k$-rational point, and in the last three cases the criterion is the existence of a $k$-rational point and a k rational curve of genus 0 and degree 1, 2, and 3 respectively. The last result is based on recent results of Benoist-Wittenberg. This is a joint work with Yuri Prokhorov. In the talk I will discuss rationality criteria for Fano 3-folds of geometric Picard number 1 over a non-closed field $k$ of characteristic 0. Among these there are 8 types of geometrically rational varieties. We prove that in one of these cases any variety of this type is k-rational, in four cases the criterion of rationality is the existence of a $k$-rational point, and in the last three cases the criterion is the existence of a $k$-rational ...

05-XX ; 41-XX ; 62-XX ; 14J45

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Research talks

We present a mathematically rigorous justification of the Local Density Approximation in density functional theory. We provide a quantitative estimate on the difference between the grand-canonical Levy-Lieb energy of a given density (the lowest possible energy of all quantum states having this density) and the integral over the Uniform Electron Gas energy of this density. The error involves gradient terms and justifies the use of the Local Density Approximation in situations where the density is very flat on sufficiently large regions in space. (Joint work with Mathieu Lewin and Elliott Lieb) We present a mathematically rigorous justification of the Local Density Approximation in density functional theory. We provide a quantitative estimate on the difference between the grand-canonical Levy-Lieb energy of a given density (the lowest possible energy of all quantum states having this density) and the integral over the Uniform Electron Gas energy of this density. The error involves gradient terms and justifies the use of the ...

82B03 ; 81V70 ; 49K21

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Research talks

It is known that in 3D exterior domains Ω with the compact smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$, two spaces $X^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$ and $V^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$ of $L^{r}$-harmonic vector fields $h$ with $h\cdot v\mid _{\partial \Omega }= 0$ and $h\times v\mid _{\partial \Omega }= 0$ are both of finite dimensions, where $v$ denotes the unit outward normal to $\partial \Omega$. We prove that for every $L^{r}$-vector field $u$, there exist $h\in X^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$, $w\in H^{1,r}\left ( \Omega \right )^{3}$ with div $w= 0$ and $p\in H^{1,r}\left ( \Omega \right )$ such that $u$ is uniquely decomposed as $u= h$ + rot $w$ + $\bigtriangledown p$.
On the other hand, if for the given $L^{r}$-vector field $u$ we choose its harmonic part $h$ from $V^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$, then we have a similar decomposition to above, while the unique expression of $u$ holds only for $1< r< 3$. Furthermore, the choice of $p$ in $H^{1,r}\left ( \Omega \right )$ is determined in accordance with the threshold $r= 3/2$.
Our result is based on the joint work with Matthias Hieber, Anton Seyferd (TU Darmstadt), Senjo Shimizu (Kyoto Univ.) and Taku Yanagisawa (Nara Women Univ.).
It is known that in 3D exterior domains Ω with the compact smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$, two spaces $X^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$ and $V^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$ of $L^{r}$-harmonic vector fields $h$ with $h\cdot v\mid _{\partial \Omega }= 0$ and $h\times v\mid _{\partial \Omega }= 0$ are both of finite dimensions, where $v$ denotes the unit outward normal to $\partial \Omega$. We prove that for every $L^{r}$-vector field $u...

35B45 ; 35J25 ; 35Q30 ; 58A10 ; 35A25

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Research talks

The term " ellipsephic " was proposed by Christian Mauduit to denote the integers with missing digits in a given basis. This talk is a survey on several results on the multiplicative properties of these integers.

11A63 ; 11B25 ; 11N25 ; 11N36

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Triality Elduque, Alberto | CIRM H

Post-edited

Research talks

Duality in projective geometry is a well-known phenomenon in any dimension. On the other hand, geometric triality deals with points and spaces of two different kinds in a sevendimensional projective space. It goes back to Study (1913) and Cartan (1925), and was soon realizedthat this phenomenon is tightly related to the algebra of octonions, and the order 3 outer automorphisms of the spin group in dimension 8.
Tits observed, in 1959, the existence of two different types of geometric triality. One of them is related to the octonions, but the other one is better explained in terms of a class of nonunital composition algebras discovered by the physicist Okubo (1978) inside 3x3-matrices, and which has led to the definition of the so called symmetric composition algebras.
This talk will review the history, classification, and their connections with the phenomenon of triality, of the symmetric composition algebras.
Duality in projective geometry is a well-known phenomenon in any dimension. On the other hand, geometric triality deals with points and spaces of two different kinds in a sevendimensional projective space. It goes back to Study (1913) and Cartan (1925), and was soon realizedthat this phenomenon is tightly related to the algebra of octonions, and the order 3 outer automorphisms of the spin group in dimension 8.
Tits observed, in 1959, the ...

17A75 ; 20G15 ; 17B60

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Research talks

Bishop’s operator arose in the fifties as possible candidates for being counterexamples to the Invariant Subspace Problem. Several authors addressed the problem of finding invariant subspaces for some of these operators; but still the general problem is open. In this talk, we shall discuss about recent results on the existence of invariant subspaces which are indeed spectral subspaces for Bishop operators, by providing an extension of a Theorem of Atzmon (Joint work with M. Monsalve-Lopez). Bishop’s operator arose in the fifties as possible candidates for being counterexamples to the Invariant Subspace Problem. Several authors addressed the problem of finding invariant subspaces for some of these operators; but still the general problem is open. In this talk, we shall discuss about recent results on the existence of invariant subspaces which are indeed spectral subspaces for Bishop operators, by providing an extension of a Theorem ...

47A15 ; 47B37 ; 47B38

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Research talks

Almost one decade ago, Poonen constructed the first examples of algebraic varieties over global fields for which Skorobogatov’s etale Brauer-Manin obstruction does not explain the failure of the Hasse principle. By now, several constructions are known, but they all share common geometric features such as large fundamental groups.
This talk discusses a construction of simply connected fourfolds over global fields of positive characteristic for which the Brauer-Manin machinery fails. Contrary to earlier work in this direction, our construction does not rely on major conjectures. Instead, we establish a new diophantine result of independent interest: a Mordell-type theorem for Campana’s "geometric orbifolds" over function fields of positive characteristic. Along the way, we also construct the first example of simply connected surface of general type over a global field with a non-empty, but non-Zariski dense set of rational points.
Joint work with Pereira and Smeets.
Almost one decade ago, Poonen constructed the first examples of algebraic varieties over global fields for which Skorobogatov’s etale Brauer-Manin obstruction does not explain the failure of the Hasse principle. By now, several constructions are known, but they all share common geometric features such as large fundamental groups.
This talk discusses a construction of simply connected fourfolds over global fields of positive characteristic for ...

14F22 ; 11G35

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Research talks

In 1976, Zagier established a functional equation for the generalized Dirichlet L-functions that are part of the Fourier-Whittaker expansion of halfintegral weight Eisenstein series. The special values of these L-functions at 1/2 and at 1 are of particular interest because of the connection with the Selberg trace formula, with moments of symmetric square L-functions and with the prime geodesic theorem. In this talk, we describe various properties of Zagier L-functions and consider several problems related to the asymptotic evaluation of averages of special L-values. In 1976, Zagier established a functional equation for the generalized Dirichlet L-functions that are part of the Fourier-Whittaker expansion of halfintegral weight Eisenstein series. The special values of these L-functions at 1/2 and at 1 are of particular interest because of the connection with the Selberg trace formula, with moments of symmetric square L-functions and with the prime geodesic theorem. In this talk, we describe various ...

11F12 ; 11F67 ; 11M32

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Research talks

In a joint work with Sebastien Biebler, we show the existence of a locally dense set of real polynomial automorphisms of $\mathbb{C}^{2}$ displaying a stable wandering Fatou component; in particular this solves the problem of their existence, reported by Bedford and Smillie in 1991. These wandering Fatou components have non-empty real trace and their statistical behavior is historical with high emergence. The proof follows from a real geometrical model which enables us to show the existence of an open and dense set of $C^{r}$ families of surface diffeomorphisms in the Newhouse domain, each of which displaying a historical, high emergent, wandering domain at a dense set of parameters, for every $2\leq r\leq \infty $ and $r=\omega $. Hence, this also complements the recent work of Kiriki and Soma, by proving the last Taken's problem in the $C^{\infty }$ and $C^{\omega }$-case. In a joint work with Sebastien Biebler, we show the existence of a locally dense set of real polynomial automorphisms of $\mathbb{C}^{2}$ displaying a stable wandering Fatou component; in particular this solves the problem of their existence, reported by Bedford and Smillie in 1991. These wandering Fatou components have non-empty real trace and their statistical behavior is historical with high emergence. The proof follows from a real g...

37Bxx ; 37Dxx ; 37FXX ; 32Hxx

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- viii; 490 p.
ISBN 978-1-108-48580-7

Mathematical sciences research institute publications , 0070

Localisation : Colloque 1er étage (BANF)

théorie des jeux # analyse combinatoire # jeux de stratégie # dissuasion # échecs

91-06 ; 91A46 ; 91-03 ; 01A60 ; 00B25

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- 259 p.
ISBN 978-83-86806-44-7

Banach center publications , 0118

Localisation : Périodique 1er étage

théorie des nombres # théorie des groupes # Jerzy Kaczorowski # fonction Z(t) de Hardy # convolution de Rankin-Selberg # séquence de Stern # fonction zêta de Riemann # fonction zêta de Lerch # groupe de Ttae-Shafarevich

11-06 ; 20-06 ; 44-06 ; 00B25

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- iii; 174 p.
ISBN 978-1-57146-384-5

Localisation : Colloque 1er étage (CAMB)

conjecture de Kannan-Lovasz-Simonovits # versalité dans la symétrie du miroir # variété de codimension 1 # varifold

68Q87 ; 68W20 ; 53D37 ; 49Q20

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- ii; 237 p.

Localisation : Colloque 1er étage (KYOT)

Professeur Yasutaka Ihara # monodromie # groupe profini # représentation de Galois # fonction complexe

20Exx ; 11F80 ; 11M41

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- v; 107 p.

Hokkaido University technical report series in mathematics

Localisation : Colloque 1er étage (HOKK)

équation aux dérivées partielles # onde progressive # équation de chaleur # incandescence # système dynamique

76B15 ; 35K58 ; 35Q35 ; 35K35 ; 76B47 ; 39A11 ; 35J60 ; 35K51

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- 436 p.
ISBN 978-4-86497-052-5

Advanced studies in pure mathematics , 0077

Localisation : Collection 1er étage

algèbre commutative # géométrie algébrique # base de Gröbner # variété torique # cohomologie locale # D-module

05E40 ; 14F10 ; 14M25 ; 33F10 ; 46F10 ; 52B20 ; 62H05 ; 62E15 ; 13-06 ; 13P10 ; 14-06 ; 13D45 ; 32S40

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- vi; 175 p.
ISBN 978-1-4704-4212-5

Contemporary mathematics , 0722

Localisation : Collection 1er étage

théorie des nombres # théorie des codes # cryptographie # géométrie arithmétique # cohomologie de De Rham # fonction zeta

11G20 ; 11G30 ; 11G32 ; 11G40 ; 11T71 ; 14G10 ; 14H40 ; 14Q05 ; 20C20 ; 20G41

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Z