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Documents  Akiyama, Shigeki | enregistrements trouvés : 12

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Outreach;Mathematics Education and Popularization of Mathematics

Shigeki Akiyama is Professor at the Institute of Mathematics of the University of Tsukuba, Japan. A regular organizer of the annual workshop on quasi-periodic tilings at RIMS, he has also spent time as organizer or invited professor on several occasions in France (Paris, Marseille, Strasbourg) but also in Debrecen and at the Chinese University of Hong-Kong.
CIRM - Chaire Jean-Morlet 2017 - Aix-Marseille Université

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Research talks;Number Theory

Bounded remainder sets for a dynamical system are sets for which the Birkhoff averages of return times differ from the expected values by at most a constant amount. These sets are rare and important objects which have been studied for over 100 years. In the last few years there have been a number of results which culminated in explicit constructions of bounded remainder sets for toral rotations in any dimension, of all possible allowable volumes. In this talk we are going to explain these results, and then explain how to generalize them to give explicit constructions of bounded remainder sets for rotations in $p$-adic solenoids. Our method of proof will make use of a natural dynamical encoding of patterns in non-Archimedean cut and project sets. Bounded remainder sets for a dynamical system are sets for which the Birkhoff averages of return times differ from the expected values by at most a constant amount. These sets are rare and important objects which have been studied for over 100 years. In the last few years there have been a number of results which culminated in explicit constructions of bounded remainder sets for toral rotations in any dimension, of all possible allowable ...

11K06 ; 11K38 ; 11J71

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Research schools;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Geometry

These lectures introduce the dynamical systems approach to tilings of Euclidean space, especially quasicrystalline tilings that have been constructed using a ‘supertile method’. Because tiling dynamics parallels one-dimensional symbolic dynamics, we discuss this case as well, highlighting the differences and similarities in the methods of study and the results that can be obtained.
In the first lecture we motivate the field with the discovery of quasicrystals, which led to D. Schectman’s winning the 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Then we set up the basics of tiling dynamics, describing tiling spaces, a tiling metric, and the shift or translation actions. Shift-invariant and ergodic measures are discussed, along with fundamental topological and dynamical properties.
The second lecture brings in the supertile construction methods, including symbolic substitutions, self-similar tilings, $S$-adic systems, and fusion rules. Numerous examples are given, most of which are not the “standard” examples, and we identify many commonalities and differences between these interrelated methods of construction. Then we compare and contrast dynamical results for supertile systems, highlighting those key insights that can be adapted to all cases.
In the third lecture we investigate one of the many current tiling research areas: spectral theory. Schectman made his Nobel-prize-winning discovery using diffraction analysis, and studying the mathematical version has been quite fruitful. Spectral theory of tiling dynamical systems is also of broad interest. We describe how these types of spectral analysis are carried out, give examples, and discuss what is known and unknown about the relationship between dynamical and diffraction analysis. Special attention is paid to the “point spectrum”, which is related to eigenfunctions and also to the bright spots that appear on diffraction images.
These lectures introduce the dynamical systems approach to tilings of Euclidean space, especially quasicrystalline tilings that have been constructed using a ‘supertile method’. Because tiling dynamics parallels one-dimensional symbolic dynamics, we discuss this case as well, highlighting the differences and similarities in the methods of study and the results that can be obtained.
In the first lecture we motivate the field with the discovery of ...

37B50 ; 37B10 ; 52C23

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- 558 p.
ISBN 978-4-931469-43-3

Advanced studies in pure mathematics , 0049

Localisation : Collection 1er étage

théorie probabiliste des nombres # distribution modulo 1 # théorème de limite # théorie analytique des nombres # fonction zêta # l-fonction # approximation diophantienne # partition

11Kxx ; 60Fxx ; 11Mxx

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Research talks;Computer Science;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations

Dimension groups are invariants of orbital equivalence. We show in this lecture how to compute the dimension group of tree subshifts. Tree subshifts are defined in terms of extension graphs that describe the left and right extensions of factors of their languages: the extension graphs are trees. This class of subshifts includes classical families such as Sturmian, Arnoux-Rauzy subshifts, or else, codings of interval exchanges. We rely on return word properties for tree subshifts: every finite word in the language of a tree word admits exactly d return words, where d is the cardinality of the alphabet.
This is joint work with P. Cecchi, F. Dolce, F. Durand, J. Leroy, D. Perrin, S. Petite.
Dimension groups are invariants of orbital equivalence. We show in this lecture how to compute the dimension group of tree subshifts. Tree subshifts are defined in terms of extension graphs that describe the left and right extensions of factors of their languages: the extension graphs are trees. This class of subshifts includes classical families such as Sturmian, Arnoux-Rauzy subshifts, or else, codings of interval exchanges. We rely on return ...

37A20 ; 37B10 ; 68R15 ; 68Q45

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Research talks;Analysis and its Applications;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Mathematical Physics

In this talk we explain how the Fibonacci trace map arises from the Fibonacci substitution and leads to a unified framework in which a variety of models can be studied. We discuss the associated foliations, hyperbolic sets, stable and unstable manifolds, and how the intersections of the stable manifolds with the model-dependent curve of initial conditions allow one to translate dynamical into spectral results.

81Q10 ; 81Q35 ; 37D20 ; 37D50

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Research talks;Computer Science;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Number Theory

In the way of Arnoux-Ito, we give a general geometric criterion for a subshift to be measurably conjugated to a domain exchange and to a translation on a torus. For a subshift coming from an unit Pisot irreducible substitution, we will see that it becomes a simple topological criterion. More precisely, we define a topology on $\mathbb{Z}^d$ for which the subshift has pure discrete spectrum if and only if there exists a domain of the domain exchange on the discrete line that has non-empty interior. We will see how we can compute exactly such interior using regular languages. This gives a way to decide the Pisot conjecture for any example of unit Pisot irreducible substitution.
Joint work with Shigeki Akiyama.
In the way of Arnoux-Ito, we give a general geometric criterion for a subshift to be measurably conjugated to a domain exchange and to a translation on a torus. For a subshift coming from an unit Pisot irreducible substitution, we will see that it becomes a simple topological criterion. More precisely, we define a topology on $\mathbb{Z}^d$ for which the subshift has pure discrete spectrum if and only if there exists a domain of the domain ...

37B10 ; 28A80 ; 11A63 ; 68R15

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Research talks;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Number Theory

Given $x\in(0, 1]$, let ${\mathcal U}(x)$ be the set of bases $\beta\in(1,2]$ for which there exists a unique sequence $(d_i)$ of zeros and ones such that $x=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}{{d_i}/{\beta^i}}$. In 2014, Lü, Tan and Wu proved that ${\mathcal U}(x)$ is a Lebesgue null set of full Hausdorff dimension. In this talk, we will show that the algebraic sum ${\mathcal U}(x)+\lambda {\mathcal U}(x)$, and the product ${\mathcal U}(x)\cdot {\mathcal U}(x)^{\lambda}$ contain an interval for all $x\in (0, 1]$ and $\lambda\ne 0$. As an application we show that the same phenomenon occurs for the set of non-matching parameters associated with the family of symmetric binary expansions studied recently by the first speaker and C. Kalle.
This is joint work with V. Komornik, D. Kong and W. Li.
Given $x\in(0, 1]$, let ${\mathcal U}(x)$ be the set of bases $\beta\in(1,2]$ for which there exists a unique sequence $(d_i)$ of zeros and ones such that $x=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}{{d_i}/{\beta^i}}$. In 2014, Lü, Tan and Wu proved that ${\mathcal U}(x)$ is a Lebesgue null set of full Hausdorff dimension. In this talk, we will show that the algebraic sum ${\mathcal U}(x)+\lambda {\mathcal U}(x)$, and the product ${\mathcal U}(x)\cdot {\mathcal ...

28A80 ; 11A63 ; 37B10

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Research schools;Combinatorics;Computer Science;Number Theory

The general aim of these lectures is to present some interplay between combinatorial game theory (CGT) and combinatorics on (multidimensional) words.
In the first introductory lecture, we present some basic concepts from combinatorial game theory (positions of a game, Nim-sum, Sprague-Grundy function, Wythoff’s game, ...). We also review some concepts from combinatorics on words. We thus introduce the well-known k-automatic sequences and review some of their characterizations (in terms of morphisms, finiteness of their k-kernel,...). These sequences take values in a finite set but the Sprague-Grundy function of a game, such as Nim of Wythoff, is usually unbounded. This provides a motivation to introduce k-regular sequences (in the sense of Allouche and Shallit) whose k-kernel is not finite, but finitely generated.
In the second lecture, games played on several piles of token naturally give rise to a multi-dimensional setting. Thus, we reconsider k-automatic and k-regular sequences in this extended framework. In particular, determining the structure of the bidimensional array encoding the (loosing) P-positions of the Wythoff’s game is a long-standing and challenging problem in CGT. Wythoff’s game is linked to non-standard numeration system: P-positions can be determined by writing those in the Fibonacci system. Next, we present the concept of shape-symmetric morphism: instead of iterating a morphism where images of letters are (hyper-)cubes of a fixed length k, one can generalize the procedure to images of various parallelepipedic shape. The shape-symmetry condition introduced twenty years ago by Maes permits to have well-defined fixed point.
In the last lecture, we move to generalized numeration systems: abstract numeration systems (built on a regular language) and link them to morphic (multidimensional) words. In particular, pictures obtained by shape-symmetric morphisms coincide with automatic sequences associated with an abstract numeration system. We conclude these lectures with some work in progress about games with a finite rule-set. This permits us to discuss a bit Presburger definable sets.
The general aim of these lectures is to present some interplay between combinatorial game theory (CGT) and combinatorics on (multidimensional) words.
In the first introductory lecture, we present some basic concepts from combinatorial game theory (positions of a game, Nim-sum, Sprague-Grundy function, Wythoff’s game, ...). We also review some concepts from combinatorics on words. We thus introduce the well-known k-automatic sequences and review ...

91A46 ; 68R15 ; 68Q45

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Research schools;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Geometry

In this lecture we focus on selected topics around the themes: Delone sets as models for quasicrystals, inflation symmetries and expansion constants, substitution Delone sets and tilings, and associated dynamical systems.

52C23 ; 37B50

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Research schools;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Geometry;Number Theory

Based on work done by Morse and Hedlund (1940) it was observed by Arnoux and Rauzy (1991) that the classical continued fraction algorithm provides a surprising link between arithmetic and diophantine properties of an irrational number $\alpha$, the rotation by $\alpha$ on the torus $\mathbb{T} = \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$, and combinatorial properties of the well known Sturmian sequences, a class of sequences on two letters with low subword complexity.
It has been conjectured since the early 1990ies that this correspondence carries over to generalized continued fraction algorithms, rotations on higher dimensional tori, and so-called $S$-adic sequences generated by substitutions. The idea of working towards this generalization is known as Rauzy’s program. Although, starting with Rauzy (1982) a number of examples for such a generalization was devised, Cassaigne, Ferenczi, and Zamboni (2000) came up with a counterexample that showed the limitations of such a generalization.
Nevertheless, recently Berthé, Steiner, and Thuswaldner (2016) made some further progress on Rauzy’s program and were able to set up a generalization of the above correspondences. They proved that the above conjecture is true under certain natural conditions. A prominent role in this generalization is played by tilings induced by generalizations of the classical Rauzy fractal introduced by Rauzy (1982).
Another idea which is related to the above results goes back to Artin (1924), who observed that the classical continued fraction algorithm and its natural extension can be viewed as a Poincaré section of the geodesic flow on the space $SL_2(\mathbb{Z}) \ SL_2(\mathbb{R})$. Arnoux and Fisher (2001) revisited Artin’s idea and showed that the above mentioned correspondence between continued fractions, rotations, and Sturmian sequences can be interpreted in a very nice way in terms of an extension of this geodesic flow which they called the scenery flow. Currently, Arnoux et al. are setting up elements of a generalization of this connection as well.
It is the aim of my series of lectures to review the above results.
Based on work done by Morse and Hedlund (1940) it was observed by Arnoux and Rauzy (1991) that the classical continued fraction algorithm provides a surprising link between arithmetic and diophantine properties of an irrational number $\alpha$, the rotation by $\alpha$ on the torus $\mathbb{T} = \mathbb{R}/\mathbb{Z}$, and combinatorial properties of the well known Sturmian sequences, a class of sequences on two letters with low subword ...

11B83 ; 11K50 ; 37B10 ; 52C23 ; 53D25

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Research schools;Combinatorics;Logic and Foundations

One of the most fundamental problem in tiling theory is to decide, given a surface, a set of tiles and a tiling rule, whether there exist a way to tile the surface using the set of tiles and following the rules. As proven by Berger in the 60’s, this problem is undecidable in general.
When formulated in terms of tilings of the discrete plane by unit tiles with colored constraints, this is called the Domino Problem and was introduced by Wang in an effort to solve satisfaction problems for ??? formulas by translating the problem into a geometric problem.
In this course, we will give a brief description of the problem and to the meaning of the word “undecidable”, and then give two different proofs of the result.
One of the most fundamental problem in tiling theory is to decide, given a surface, a set of tiles and a tiling rule, whether there exist a way to tile the surface using the set of tiles and following the rules. As proven by Berger in the 60’s, this problem is undecidable in general.
When formulated in terms of tilings of the discrete plane by unit tiles with colored constraints, this is called the Domino Problem and was introduced by Wang in an ...

03D35 ; 05B45

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