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*Research talks;Algebra;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Geometry*

I will present results of three studies, performed in collaboration with M.Benli, L.Bowen, A.Dudko, R.Kravchenko and T.Nagnibeda, concerning the invariant and characteristic random subgroups in some groups of geometric origin, including hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, groups of intermediate growth and branch groups. The role of totally non free actions will be emphasized. This will be used to explain why branch groups have infinitely many factor representations of type $II_1$.
I will present results of three studies, performed in collaboration with M.Benli, L.Bowen, A.Dudko, R.Kravchenko and T.Nagnibeda, concerning the invariant and characteristic random subgroups in some groups of geometric origin, including hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, groups of intermediate growth and branch groups. The role of totally non free actions will be emphasized. This will be used to explain why branch groups have infinitely ...

20E08 ; 20F65 ; 37B05

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*Research talks;Analysis and its Applications;Mathematical Physics;Probability and Statistics*

Two important examples of the determinantal point processes associated with the Hilbert spaces of holomorphic functions are the Ginibre point process and the set of zeros of the Gaussian Analytic Functions on the unit disk. In this talk, I will talk such class of determinantal point processes in greater generality. The main topics concerned are the equivalence of the reduced Palm measures and the quasi-invariance of these point processes under certain natural group action of the group of compactly supported diffeomorphisms of the phase space. This talk is based partly on the joint works with Alexander I. Bufetov and partly on a more recent joint work with Alexander I. Bufetov and Shilei Fan.
Two important examples of the determinantal point processes associated with the Hilbert spaces of holomorphic functions are the Ginibre point process and the set of zeros of the Gaussian Analytic Functions on the unit disk. In this talk, I will talk such class of determinantal point processes in greater generality. The main topics concerned are the equivalence of the reduced Palm measures and the quasi-invariance of these point processes under ...

60G55 ; 46E20 ; 30H20

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*Outreach;Mathematics Education and Popularization of Mathematics*

Alexander Bufetov got his Diploma in Mathematics at the Independent University of Moscow in 1999 and his PhD at Princeton University in 2005. After one year as a Postdoctoral student at the University of Chicago, he was employed as an Assistant Professor at Rice University where he also held the 'Edgar Odell Lovett Junior Chair'. In 2009, Alexander Bufetov joined the Steklov Mathematical Institute where he passed his habilitation thesis in order to supervise PhD students. In 2012, he became a CNRS Senior Researcher for the LATP (Laboratoire d’Analyse, Topologie, Probabilités) department at Aix-Marseille University.
Alexander Bufetov has received several prizes: a Prize by Moscow Mathematical Society in 2005, a grant by the Sloan Foundation and a grant from the President of the Russian Federation in 2010 and also a grant from the Simons Foundation at the Independent University of Moscow in 2011.
His research area is the Ergodic theory of dynamical systems.
Alexander Bufetov got his Diploma in Mathematics at the Independent University of Moscow in 1999 and his PhD at Princeton University in 2005. After one year as a Postdoctoral student at the University of Chicago, he was employed as an Assistant Professor at Rice University where he also held the 'Edgar Odell Lovett Junior Chair'. In 2009, Alexander Bufetov joined the Steklov Mathematical Institute where he passed his habilitation thesis in order ...

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*Research talks;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations*

I will present results on the dynamics of horocyclic flows on the unit tangent bundle of hyperbolic surfaces, density and equidistribution properties in particular. I will focus on infinite volume hyperbolic surfaces. My aim is to show how these properties are related to dynamical properties of geodesic flows, as product structure, ergodicity, mixing, ...

37D40

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*Exposés de recherche*

For 20 years we have known that average values of characteristic polynomials of random unitary matrices provide a good model for moments of the Riemann zeta function. Now we consider mixed moments of characteristic polynomials and their derivatives, calculations which are motivated by questions on the distribution of zeros of the derivative of the Riemann zeta function.

15B52 ; 11M26 ; 11M06

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*Exposés de recherche*

The real Ginibre ensemble consists of square real matrices whose entries are i.i.d. standard normal random variables. In sharp contrast to the complex and quaternion Ginibre ensemble, real eigenvalues in the real Ginibre ensemble attain positive likelihood. In turn, the spectral radius of a real Ginibe matrix follows a different limiting law for purely real eigenvalues than for non-real ones. Building on previous work by Rider, Sinclair and Poplavskyi, Tribe, Zaboronski, we will show that the limiting distribution of the largest real eigenvalue admits a closed form expression in terms of a distinguished solution to an inverse scattering problem for the Zakharov-Shabat system. This system is directly related to several of the most interesting nonlinear evolution equations in 1+1 dimensions which are solvable by the inverse scattering method, for instance the nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation. The results of this talk are based on the recent preprint arXiv:1808.02419, joint with Jinho Baik.
The real Ginibre ensemble consists of square real matrices whose entries are i.i.d. standard normal random variables. In sharp contrast to the complex and quaternion Ginibre ensemble, real eigenvalues in the real Ginibre ensemble attain positive likelihood. In turn, the spectral radius of a real Ginibe matrix follows a different limiting law for purely real eigenvalues than for non-real ones. Building on previous work by Rider, Sinclair and ...

60B20 ; 45M05 ; 60G70

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*Exposés de recherche*

We consider the domino tilings of a large class of Aztec rectangles. For an appropriate scaling limit, we show that, the disordered region consists of roughly two arctic circles connected with a finite number of paths. The statistics of these paths is governed by a kernel, also found in other models (universality). The kernel thus obtained is believed to be a master kernel, from which the kernels, associated with critical points, can all be derived.
We consider the domino tilings of a large class of Aztec rectangles. For an appropriate scaling limit, we show that, the disordered region consists of roughly two arctic circles connected with a finite number of paths. The statistics of these paths is governed by a kernel, also found in other models (universality). The kernel thus obtained is believed to be a master kernel, from which the kernels, associated with critical points, can all be ...

60B20 ; 60D05

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*Exposés de recherche*

Random band matrices (RBM) are natural intermediate models to study eigenvalue statistics and quantum propagation in disordered systems, since they interpolate between mean-field type Wigner matrices and random Schrodinger operators. In particular, RBM can be used to model the Anderson metal-insulator phase transition (crossover) even in 1d. In this talk we will discuss some recent progress in application of the supersymmetric method (SUSY) and transfer matrix approach to the analysis of local spectral characteristics of some specific types of 1d RBM. Joint project with Maria Shcherbina.
Random band matrices (RBM) are natural intermediate models to study eigenvalue statistics and quantum propagation in disordered systems, since they interpolate between mean-field type Wigner matrices and random Schrodinger operators. In particular, RBM can be used to model the Anderson metal-insulator phase transition (crossover) even in 1d. In this talk we will discuss some recent progress in application of the supersymmetric method ...

60B20 ; 15B52

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*Research School*

Starting with Onsager's celebrated solution of the two-dimensional Ising model in the 1940's, Toeplitz determinants have been one of the principal analytic tools in modern mathematical physics; specifically, in the theory of exactly solvable statistical mechanics and quantum field models. Simultaneously, the theory of Toeplitz determinants is a very beautiful area of analysis representing an unusual combinations of profound general operator concepts with the highly nontrivial concrete formulae. The area has been thriving since the classical works of Szegö Fisher and Hartwig and Widom, and it very much continues to do so.

In the 90s, it has been realized that the theory of Toeplitz and Hankel determinants can be also embedded in the Riemann-Hilbert formalism of integrable systems. The new Riemann-Hilbert techniques proved very efficient in solving some of the long-standing problems in the area. Among them are the Basor-Tracy conjecture concerning the asymptotics of Toeplitz determinants with the most general Fisher-Hartwig type symbols and the double scaling asymptotics describing the transition behavior of Toeplitz determinants whose symbols change from smooth, Szegö to singular Fisher-Hartwig types. An important feature of these transition asymptotics is that they are described in terms of the classical Painlevè transcendents. The later are playing an increasingly important role in modern mathematics. Indeed, very often, the Painlevé functions are called now ``special functions of 21st century''.

In this mini course, the essence of the Riemann-Hilbert method in the theory of Topelitz determinants will be presented. The focus will be on the use of the method to obtain the Painlevé type description of the transition asymptotics of Toeplitz determinants. The Riemann-Hilbert view on the Painlevé function will be also explained.
Starting with Onsager's celebrated solution of the two-dimensional Ising model in the 1940's, Toeplitz determinants have been one of the principal analytic tools in modern mathematical physics; specifically, in the theory of exactly solvable statistical mechanics and quantum field models. Simultaneously, the theory of Toeplitz determinants is a very beautiful area of analysis representing an unusual combinations of profound general operator ...

47B35 ; 35Q15

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*Research School*

Starting with Onsager's celebrated solution of the two-dimensional Ising model in the 1940's, Toeplitz determinants have been one of the principal analytic tools in modern mathematical physics; specifically, in the theory of exactly solvable statistical mechanics and quantum field models. Simultaneously, the theory of Toeplitz determinants is a very beautiful area of analysis representing an unusual combinations of profound general operator concepts with the highly nontrivial concrete formulae. The area has been thriving since the classical works of Szegö Fisher and Hartwig and Widom, and it very much continues to do so.

In the 90s, it has been realized that the theory of Toeplitz and Hankel determinants can be also embedded in the Riemann-Hilbert formalism of integrable systems. The new Riemann-Hilbert techniques proved very efficient in solving some of the long-standing problems in the area. Among them are the Basor-Tracy conjecture concerning the asymptotics of Toeplitz determinants with the most general Fisher-Hartwig type symbols and the double scaling asymptotics describing the transition behavior of Toeplitz determinants whose symbols change from smooth, Szegö to singular Fisher-Hartwig types. An important feature of these transition asymptotics is that they are described in terms of the classical Painlevè transcendents. The later are playing an increasingly important role in modern mathematics. Indeed, very often, the Painlevé functions are called now ``special functions of 21st century''.

In this mini course, the essence of the Riemann-Hilbert method in the theory of Topelitz determinants will be presented. The focus will be on the use of the method to obtain the Painlevé type description of the transition asymptotics of Toeplitz determinants. The Riemann-Hilbert view on the Painlevé function will be also explained.
Starting with Onsager's celebrated solution of the two-dimensional Ising model in the 1940's, Toeplitz determinants have been one of the principal analytic tools in modern mathematical physics; specifically, in the theory of exactly solvable statistical mechanics and quantum field models. Simultaneously, the theory of Toeplitz determinants is a very beautiful area of analysis representing an unusual combinations of profound general operator ...

47B35 ; 35Q15

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*Research School*

Starting with Onsager's celebrated solution of the two-dimensional Ising model in the 1940's, Toeplitz determinants have been one of the principal analytic tools in modern mathematical physics; specifically, in the theory of exactly solvable statistical mechanics and quantum field models. Simultaneously, the theory of Toeplitz determinants is a very beautiful area of analysis representing an unusual combinations of profound general operator concepts with the highly nontrivial concrete formulae. The area has been thriving since the classical works of Szegö Fisher and Hartwig and Widom, and it very much continues to do so.

In the 90s, it has been realized that the theory of Toeplitz and Hankel determinants can be also embedded in the Riemann-Hilbert formalism of integrable systems. The new Riemann-Hilbert techniques proved very efficient in solving some of the long-standing problems in the area. Among them are the Basor-Tracy conjecture concerning the asymptotics of Toeplitz determinants with the most general Fisher-Hartwig type symbols and the double scaling asymptotics describing the transition behavior of Toeplitz determinants whose symbols change from smooth, Szegö to singular Fisher-Hartwig types. An important feature of these transition asymptotics is that they are described in terms of the classical Painlevè transcendents. The later are playing an increasingly important role in modern mathematics. Indeed, very often, the Painlevé functions are called now ``special functions of 21st century''.

In this mini course, the essence of the Riemann-Hilbert method in the theory of Topelitz determinants will be presented. The focus will be on the use of the method to obtain the Painlevé type description of the transition asymptotics of Toeplitz determinants. The Riemann-Hilbert view on the Painlevé function will be also explained.
Starting with Onsager's celebrated solution of the two-dimensional Ising model in the 1940's, Toeplitz determinants have been one of the principal analytic tools in modern mathematical physics; specifically, in the theory of exactly solvable statistical mechanics and quantum field models. Simultaneously, the theory of Toeplitz determinants is a very beautiful area of analysis representing an unusual combinations of profound general operator ...

47B35 ; 35Q15

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*Research School*

These lectures will focus on understanding properties of classical operators and their connections to other important areas of mathematics. Perhaps the simplest example is the asymptotics of determinants of finite Toepltiz matrices, which have constants along the diagonals. The determinants of these $n$ by $n$ size matrices, have (in appropriate cases) an asymptotic expression that is of the form $G^n \times E$ where both G and E are constants. This expansion is useful in describing many statistical quantities variables for certain random matrix models.

In other instances, where the above expression must be modified, the asymptotics correspond to critical temperature cases in the Ising Model, or to cases where the random variables are in some sense singular.

Generalizations of the above result to other settings, for example, convolution operators on the line, are also important. For example, for Wiener-Hopf operators, the analogue of the determinants of finite matrices is a Fredholm determinant. These determinants are especially prominent in random matrix theory where they describe many quantities including the distribution of the largest eigenvalue in the classic Gaussian Unitary Ensemble, and in turn connections to Painleve equations.

The lectures will use operator theory methods to first describe the simplest cases of the asymptotics of determinants for the convolution (both discrete and continuous) operators, then proceed to the more singular cases. Operator theory techniques will also be used to illustrate the links to the Painlevé equations.
These lectures will focus on understanding properties of classical operators and their connections to other important areas of mathematics. Perhaps the simplest example is the asymptotics of determinants of finite Toepltiz matrices, which have constants along the diagonals. The determinants of these $n$ by $n$ size matrices, have (in appropriate cases) an asymptotic expression that is of the form $G^n \times E$ where both G and E are constants. ...

47B35

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*Research School*

These lectures will focus on understanding properties of classical operators and their connections to other important areas of mathematics. Perhaps the simplest example is the asymptotics of determinants of finite Toepltiz matrices, which have constants along the diagonals. The determinants of these $n$ by $n$ size matrices, have (in appropriate cases) an asymptotic expression that is of the form $G^n \times E$ where both G and E are constants. This expansion is useful in describing many statistical quantities variables for certain random matrix models.

In other instances, where the above expression must be modified, the asymptotics correspond to critical temperature cases in the Ising Model, or to cases where the random variables are in some sense singular.

Generalizations of the above result to other settings, for example, convolution operators on the line, are also important. For example, for Wiener-Hopf operators, the analogue of the determinants of finite matrices is a Fredholm determinant. These determinants are especially prominent in random matrix theory where they describe many quantities including the distribution of the largest eigenvalue in the classic Gaussian Unitary Ensemble, and in turn connections to Painleve equations.

The lectures will use operator theory methods to first describe the simplest cases of the asymptotics of determinants for the convolution (both discrete and continuous) operators, then proceed to the more singular cases. Operator theory techniques will also be used to illustrate the links to the Painlevé equations.
These lectures will focus on understanding properties of classical operators and their connections to other important areas of mathematics. Perhaps the simplest example is the asymptotics of determinants of finite Toepltiz matrices, which have constants along the diagonals. The determinants of these $n$ by $n$ size matrices, have (in appropriate cases) an asymptotic expression that is of the form $G^n \times E$ where both G and E are constants. ...

47B35

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*Research School*

These lectures will focus on understanding properties of classical operators and their connections to other important areas of mathematics. Perhaps the simplest example is the asymptotics of determinants of finite Toepltiz matrices, which have constants along the diagonals. The determinants of these $n$ by $n$ size matrices, have (in appropriate cases) an asymptotic expression that is of the form $G^n \times E$ where both G and E are constants. This expansion is useful in describing many statistical quantities variables for certain random matrix models.

In other instances, where the above expression must be modified, the asymptotics correspond to critical temperature cases in the Ising Model, or to cases where the random variables are in some sense singular.

Generalizations of the above result to other settings, for example, convolution operators on the line, are also important. For example, for Wiener-Hopf operators, the analogue of the determinants of finite matrices is a Fredholm determinant. These determinants are especially prominent in random matrix theory where they describe many quantities including the distribution of the largest eigenvalue in the classic Gaussian Unitary Ensemble, and in turn connections to Painleve equations.

The lectures will use operator theory methods to first describe the simplest cases of the asymptotics of determinants for the convolution (both discrete and continuous) operators, then proceed to the more singular cases. Operator theory techniques will also be used to illustrate the links to the Painlevé equations.
These lectures will focus on understanding properties of classical operators and their connections to other important areas of mathematics. Perhaps the simplest example is the asymptotics of determinants of finite Toepltiz matrices, which have constants along the diagonals. The determinants of these $n$ by $n$ size matrices, have (in appropriate cases) an asymptotic expression that is of the form $G^n \times E$ where both G and E are constants. ...

47B35

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*Exposés de recherche*

I will discuss polynomials $P_{N}$ of degree $N$ that satisfy non-Hermitian orthogonality conditions with respect to the weight $\frac{\left ( z+1 \right )^{N}\left ( z+a \right )^{N}}{z^{2N}}$ on a contour in the complex plane going around 0. These polynomials reduce to Jacobi polynomials in case a = 1 and then their zeros cluster along an open arc on the unit circle as the degree tends to infinity.

For general a, the polynomials are analyzed by a Riemann-Hilbert problem. It follows that the zeros exhibit an interesting transition for the value of a = 1/9, when the open arc closes to form a closed curve with a density that vanishes quadratically. The transition is described by a Painlevé II transcendent.

The polynomials arise in a lozenge tiling problem of a hexagon with a periodic weighting. The transition in the behavior of zeros corresponds to a tacnode in the tiling problem.

This is joint work in progress with Christophe Charlier, Maurice Duits and Jonatan Lenells and we use ideas that were developed in [2] for matrix valued orthogonal polynomials in connection with a domino tiling problem for the Aztec diamond.
I will discuss polynomials $P_{N}$ of degree $N$ that satisfy non-Hermitian orthogonality conditions with respect to the weight $\frac{\left ( z+1 \right )^{N}\left ( z+a \right )^{N}}{z^{2N}}$ on a contour in the complex plane going around 0. These polynomials reduce to Jacobi polynomials in case a = 1 and then their zeros cluster along an open arc on the unit circle as the degree tends to infinity.

For general a, the polynomials are analyzed ...

05B45 ; 52C20 ; 33C45 ; 60B20

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*Exposés de recherche*

We will consider the supercooled Stefan problem, which captures the freezing of a supercooled liquid, in one space dimension. A probabilistic reformulation of the problem allows to define global solutions, even in the presence of blow-ups of the freezing rate. We will provide a complete description of such solutions, by relating the temperature distribution in the liquid to the regularity of the ice growth process. The latter is shown to transition between (i) continuous differentiability, (ii) Holder continuity, and (iii) discontinuity. In particular, in the second regime we rediscover the square root behavior of the growth process pointed out by Stefan in his seminal paper [Ste89] from 1889 for the ordinary Stefan problem. In our second main theorem, we will establish the uniqueness of the global solutions, a first result of this kind in the context of growth processes with singular self-excitation when blow-ups are present. Based on joint work with Francois Delarue and Sergey Nadtochiy.
We will consider the supercooled Stefan problem, which captures the freezing of a supercooled liquid, in one space dimension. A probabilistic reformulation of the problem allows to define global solutions, even in the presence of blow-ups of the freezing rate. We will provide a complete description of such solutions, by relating the temperature distribution in the liquid to the regularity of the ice growth process. The latter is shown to ...

80A22 ; 35B44 ; 60H30 ; 35B05

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*Exposés de recherche*

In this talk, we discuss the application of the Yang-Baxter equation for the quantum affine lie algebra $U_{q} \left (\widehat{ {\mathfrak{sl}}_{n+1}} \right )$ to interacting particle systems.

The asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) is a continuous-time Markov process of interacting particles on the integer lattice. We distinguish particles to be either a first class or a second class particle. In particular, the second class particles are blocked in their movement by all other particles, while the first class particles are only blocked by other first class particles. We consider the step initial conditions so that all non-negative integer positions are occupied and all other positions are vacant at time zero. Moreover, we take exactly L second class particles to be located at the very front of the configuration at time zero. Then, using recent results of Tracy-Widom (2017) and Borodin-Wheeler (2018), we compute the asymptotic speed of the leftmost second class particle.

This is joint work with Promit Ghosal (Columbia University) and Ethan Zell (University of Virginia) in arXiv:1903.09615.
In this talk, we discuss the application of the Yang-Baxter equation for the quantum affine lie algebra $U_{q} \left (\widehat{ {\mathfrak{sl}}_{n+1}} \right )$ to interacting particle systems.

The asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP) is a continuous-time Markov process of interacting particles on the integer lattice. We distinguish particles to be either a first class or a second class particle. In particular, the second class particles ...

34M50 ; 60B20 ; 34E20

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*Research talks;Mathematical Physics;Probability and Statistics*

The two-periodic Aztec diamond is a dimer or random tiling model with three phases, solid, liquid and gas. The dimers form a determinantal point process with a somewhat complicated but explicit correlation kernel. I will discuss in some detail how the Airy point process can be found at the liquid-gas boundary by looking at suitable averages of height function differences. The argument is a rather complicated analysis using the cumulant approach and subtle cancellations. Joint work with Vincent Beffara and Sunil Chhita.
The two-periodic Aztec diamond is a dimer or random tiling model with three phases, solid, liquid and gas. The dimers form a determinantal point process with a somewhat complicated but explicit correlation kernel. I will discuss in some detail how the Airy point process can be found at the liquid-gas boundary by looking at suitable averages of height function differences. The argument is a rather complicated analysis using the cumulant approach ...

60K35 ; 60G55 ; 60C05 ; 82B20 ; 05B45

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*Exposés de recherche*

The Spherical Sherrington-Kirkpatrick (SSK) model is defined by the Gibbs measure on a highdimensional sphere with a random Hamiltonian given by a symmetric quadratic function. The free energy at the zero temperature is the same as the largest eigenvalue of the random matrix associated with the quadratic function. Even for the finite temperature, there is a simple relationship between the free energy and the eigenvalues. We will discuss how one can study the fluctuations of the free energy using this relationship and results from random matrix theory. We will also discuss the distribution of the spin sampled from the Gibbs measure.
The Spherical Sherrington-Kirkpatrick (SSK) model is defined by the Gibbs measure on a highdimensional sphere with a random Hamiltonian given by a symmetric quadratic function. The free energy at the zero temperature is the same as the largest eigenvalue of the random matrix associated with the quadratic function. Even for the finite temperature, there is a simple relationship between the free energy and the eigenvalues. We will discuss how one ...

60B20 ; 60K35 ; 82D30

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*Exposés de recherche*

Asymptotic representation theory deals with representations of groups of growing size. For classical Lie groups there are two distinguished regimes of growth. One of them is related to representations of infinite-dimensional groups, and the other appears in combinatorial and probabilistic questions. In the talk I will discuss differences and similarities between these two settings.

22E45 ; 60B20 ; 05E10 ; 60C05

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