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Documents  Rousseau, Antoine | enregistrements trouvés : 9

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Research talks;Partial Differential Equations;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Mathematical Physics

We describe here formal analogies between the Darcy equations, that describe the flow of a viscous fluid in a porous medium, and some problems arising from the handing of congestion in crowd motion models.
At the microscopic level, individuals are identified to rigid discs, and the dual handling of the non overlapping constraint leads to discrete Darcy-like equations with a unilateral constraint that involves the velocities and interaction pressures, and that are set on the contact network. At the macroscopic level, a similar problem is obtained, that is set on the congested zone.
We emphasize the differences between the two settings: at the macroscopic level, a straight use of the maximum principle shows that congestion actually favors evacuation, which is in contradiction with experimental evidence. On the contrary, in the microscopic setting, the very particular structure of the discrete differential operators makes it possible to reproduce observed "Stop and Go waves", and the so called "Faster is Slower" effect.
We describe here formal analogies between the Darcy equations, that describe the flow of a viscous fluid in a porous medium, and some problems arising from the handing of congestion in crowd motion models.
At the microscopic level, individuals are identified to rigid discs, and the dual handling of the non overlapping constraint leads to discrete Darcy-like equations with a unilateral constraint that involves the velocities and interaction ...

34A60 ; 34D20 ; 35F31 ; 35R70 ; 70E50 ; 70E55

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Research talks;Partial Differential Equations;Mathematical Physics

Many physical phenomena deal with a fluid interacting with a moving rigid or deformable structure. These kinds of problems have a lot of important applications, for instance, in aeroelasticity, biomechanics, hydroelasticity, sedimentation, etc. From the analytical point of view as well as from the numerical point of view they have been studied extensively over the past years. We will mainly focus on viscous fluid interacting with an elastic structure. The purpose of the present lecture is to present an overview of some of the mathematical and numerical difficulties that may be encountered when dealing with fluid-structure interaction problems such as the geometrical nonlinearities or the added mass effect and how one can deal with these difficulties. Many physical phenomena deal with a fluid interacting with a moving rigid or deformable structure. These kinds of problems have a lot of important applications, for instance, in aeroelasticity, biomechanics, hydroelasticity, sedimentation, etc. From the analytical point of view as well as from the numerical point of view they have been studied extensively over the past years. We will mainly focus on viscous fluid interacting with an elastic ...

74S05 ; 76M10 ; 74F10 ; 76D05

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Research talks;Partial Differential Equations;Mathematical Physics

At the end of the 70', Littlejohn [1, 2, 3] shed new light on what is called the Gyro-Kinetic Approximation. His approach incorporated high-level mathematical concepts from Hamiltonian Mechanics, Differential Geometry and Symplectic Geometry into a physical affordable theory in order to clarify what has been done for years in the domain. This theory has been being widely used to deduce the numerical methods for Tokamak and Stellarator simulation. Yet, it was formal from the mathematical point of view and not directly accessible for mathematicians.
This talk will present a mathematically rigorous version of the theory. The way to set out this Gyro-Kinetic Approximation consists of the building of a change of coordinates that decouples the Hamiltonian dynamical system satisfied by the characteristics of charged particles submitted to a strong magnetic field into a part that concerns the fast oscillation induced by the magnetic field and a other part that describes a slower dynamics.
This building is made of two steps. The goal of the first one, so-called "Darboux Algorithm", is to give to the Poisson Matrix (associated to the Hamiltonian system) a form that would achieve the goal of decoupling if the Hamiltonian function does not depend on one given variable. Then the second change of variables (which is in fact a succession of several ones), so-called "Lie Algorithm", is to remove the given variable from the Hamiltonian function without changing the form of the Poisson Matrix.
(Notice that, beside this Geometrical Gyro-Kinetic Approximation Theory, an alternative approach, based on Asymptotic Analysis and Homogenization Methods was developed in Frenod and Sonnendrücker [5, 6, 7], Frenod, Raviart and Sonnendrücker [4], Golse and Saint-Raymond [9] and Ghendrih, Hauray and Nouri [8].)
At the end of the 70', Littlejohn [1, 2, 3] shed new light on what is called the Gyro-Kinetic Approximation. His approach incorporated high-level mathematical concepts from Hamiltonian Mechanics, Differential Geometry and Symplectic Geometry into a physical affordable theory in order to clarify what has been done for years in the domain. This theory has been being widely used to deduce the numerical methods for Tokamak and Stellarator s...

70H05 ; 82D10 ; 58Z05 ; 58J37 ; 58J45 ; 58D10

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Research talks;Mathematical Physics;Probability and Statistics

In this talk, I will introduce the stochastic downscaling method (SDM) that borrows techniques from small scale turbulence (S.B. Pope) for the simulation of wind flows thanks to hybrid methods (deterministic-stochastic). I will present the downscaling method used to refine a wind forecast at a sufficiently small scale, and the way wind turbines are implemented in the model. Comparisons with traditional numerical methods (LES) and validation w.r.t. experimental data will also be provided. In this talk, I will introduce the stochastic downscaling method (SDM) that borrows techniques from small scale turbulence (S.B. Pope) for the simulation of wind flows thanks to hybrid methods (deterministic-stochastic). I will present the downscaling method used to refine a wind forecast at a sufficiently small scale, and the way wind turbines are implemented in the model. Comparisons with traditional numerical methods (LES) and validation ...

60H10 ; 86A10 ; 86-08 ; 76F55 ; 76M35

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Research talks;Partial Differential Equations;Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations;Mathematical Physics

We show how to combine numerical schemes and calibration of systems of o.d.e. to provide efficient feedback strategies for the biological decontamination of water resources. For natural resources, we retain to introduce any bacteria in the resource and treat it aside preserving a constant volume of the resource at any time. The feedback strategies are derived from the minimal time synthesis of the system of o.d.e.

76D55 ; 76D05 ; 49J15

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Research talks;Partial Differential Equations;Mathematical Physics

Many physical phenomena deal with a fluid interacting with a moving rigid or deformable structure. These kinds of problems have a lot of important applications, for instance, in aeroelasticity, biomechanics, hydroelasticity, sedimentation, etc. From the analytical point of view as well as from the numerical point of view they have been studied extensively over the past years. We will mainly focus on viscous fluid interacting with an elastic structure. The purpose of the present lecture is to present an overview of some of the mathematical and numerical difficulties that may be encountered when dealing with fluid-structure interaction problems such as the geometrical nonlinearities or the added mass effect and how one can deal with these difficulties. Many physical phenomena deal with a fluid interacting with a moving rigid or deformable structure. These kinds of problems have a lot of important applications, for instance, in aeroelasticity, biomechanics, hydroelasticity, sedimentation, etc. From the analytical point of view as well as from the numerical point of view they have been studied extensively over the past years. We will mainly focus on viscous fluid interacting with an elastic ...

74S05 ; 76M10 ; 74F10 ; 76D05

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Research talks;Partial Differential Equations;Mathematical Physics

Many physical phenomena deal with a fluid interacting with a moving rigid or deformable structure. These kinds of problems have a lot of important applications, for instance, in aeroelasticity, biomechanics, hydroelasticity, sedimentation, etc. From the analytical point of view as well as from the numerical point of view they have been studied extensively over the past years. We will mainly focus on viscous fluid interacting with an elastic structure. The purpose of the present lecture is to present an overview of some of the mathematical and numerical difficulties that may be encountered when dealing with fluid-structure interaction problems such as the geometrical nonlinearities or the added mass effect and how one can deal with these difficulties. Many physical phenomena deal with a fluid interacting with a moving rigid or deformable structure. These kinds of problems have a lot of important applications, for instance, in aeroelasticity, biomechanics, hydroelasticity, sedimentation, etc. From the analytical point of view as well as from the numerical point of view they have been studied extensively over the past years. We will mainly focus on viscous fluid interacting with an elastic ...

74S05 ; 76M10 ; 74F10 ; 76D05

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Research talks;Partial Differential Equations;Mathematical Physics

Many physical phenomena deal with a fluid interacting with a moving rigid or deformable structure. These kinds of problems have a lot of important applications, for instance, in aeroelasticity, biomechanics, hydroelasticity, sedimentation, etc. From the analytical point of view as well as from the numerical point of view they have been studied extensively over the past years. We will mainly focus on viscous fluid interacting with an elastic structure. The purpose of the present lecture is to present an overview of some of the mathematical and numerical difficulties that may be encountered when dealing with fluid-structure interaction problems such as the geometrical nonlinearities or the added mass effect and how one can deal with these difficulties. Many physical phenomena deal with a fluid interacting with a moving rigid or deformable structure. These kinds of problems have a lot of important applications, for instance, in aeroelasticity, biomechanics, hydroelasticity, sedimentation, etc. From the analytical point of view as well as from the numerical point of view they have been studied extensively over the past years. We will mainly focus on viscous fluid interacting with an elastic ...

74S05 ; 76M10 ; 74F10 ; 76D05

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- 254 p.
ISBN 978-2-36583-896-2

Localisation : Loisir RdC;Réserve

récération mathématique # vulgarisation # mathématiques de la Planète Terre # biodiversité # écologie # société # climat # géologie # régulation démographique

00A05 ; 00A06 ; 00A08 ; 00A09 ; 92Bxx ; 92Dxx ; 92FXX

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