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Documents  Véber, Amandine | enregistrements trouvés : 2

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Research talks;Probability and Statistics

In the infinitesimal model, one or several quantitative traits are described as the sum of a genetic and a non-genetic component, the first being distributed within families as a normal random variable centred at the average of the parental genetic components, and with a variance independent of the parental traits. The idea behind the normal distribution of the genetic component is that the genetic part of the trait of interest is the sum of the ‘infinitesimal' contributions of the allelic states at a very large number of loci. This model has been widely used in quantitative genetics, but less so in evolutionary biology and the precise conditionsunder which it holds has remained rather vague. In this talk, we shall provide a mathematical justification of the model as the limit as the number M of loci tends to infinity of a model with Mendelian inheritance, which includes different evolutionary processes (genetic drift, recombination, selection, mutation, population structure, ...). Generalisations of the simple version of the infinitesimal model presented here, as well as some applications, will be presented in the following talks by Nick Barton and Alison Etheridge. In the infinitesimal model, one or several quantitative traits are described as the sum of a genetic and a non-genetic component, the first being distributed within families as a normal random variable centred at the average of the parental genetic components, and with a variance independent of the parental traits. The idea behind the normal distribution of the genetic component is that the genetic part of the trait of interest is the sum of the ...

60F05 ; 60K30 ; 92D10

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Research talks;Mathematics in Science and Technology;Probability and Statistics

In this presentation, we shall discuss the reconstruction of demographic parameters based on the genetic variability observed within a sample of individual DNA. In the family of models that we consider, the statistics describing this genetic diversity (number of mutations, distribution of the mutations amongst individuals in the sample) depend on a more or less coarse ‘resolution of (i.e., level of information on) the hidden genealogical tree that relates the sampled individuals. Considering the optimal resolution thus allows to greatly improve the exploration of the space of possible genealogies when computing the likelihood of demographic parameters, compared to classical methods based on full labelled trees such as Kingmans coalescent. We shall focus on two examples, based on works with Raazesh Sainudiin (Uppsala Univ.) and with Julia Palacios (Stanford Univ.), Sohini Ramachandran (Brown Univ.) and John Wakeley (Harvard Univ.). In this presentation, we shall discuss the reconstruction of demographic parameters based on the genetic variability observed within a sample of individual DNA. In the family of models that we consider, the statistics describing this genetic diversity (number of mutations, distribution of the mutations amongst individuals in the sample) depend on a more or less coarse ‘resolution of (i.e., level of information on) the hidden genealogical tree ...

92D15 ; 92D20 ; 60J10 ; 60J27

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