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Documents  Monniaux, Sylvie | enregistrements trouvés : 10

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Research talks;Analysis and its Applications;Partial Differential Equations

The boundedness (on $L^p$ spaces) of commutators $[b,T] = bT-Tb$ of pointwise multiplication $b$ and singular integral operators $T$ has been well studied for a long time. Curiously, the necessary conditions for this boundedness to happen are generally less understood than the sufficient conditions, for instance what comes to the assumptions on the operator $T$. I will discuss some new results in this direction, and show how this circle of ideas relates to the mapping properties of the Jacobian (the determinant of the derivative matrix) on first order Sobolev spaces. This is work in progress at the time of submitting the abstract, so I will hopefully be able to present some fairly fresh material. The boundedness (on $L^p$ spaces) of commutators $[b,T] = bT-Tb$ of pointwise multiplication $b$ and singular integral operators $T$ has been well studied for a long time. Curiously, the necessary conditions for this boundedness to happen are generally less understood than the sufficient conditions, for instance what comes to the assumptions on the operator $T$. I will discuss some new results in this direction, and show how this circle of ideas ...

42B20 ; 42B35

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Research talks

In this talk I will present a couple of results for the existence of solutions to the one-dimensional Euler, Navier-Stokes and multi-dimensional Navier-Stokes systems. The purpose of the talk is to focus on the role of the pressure in the compressible fluid equations, and to understand whether or not it can be replaced by the nonlocal attraction-repulsion terms arising in the models of collective behaviour.

76N10 ; 35Q35

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Research talks

A common way to prove global well-posedness of free boundary problems for incompressible viscous fluids is to transform the equations governing the fluid motion to a fixed domain with respect to the time variable. An elegant and physically reasonable way to do this is to introduce Lagrangian coordinates. These coordinates are given by the transformation rule

$x(t)=\xi +\int_{0}^{t}u(\tau ,\xi ) d\tau $

where $u(\tau ,\xi )$ is the velocity vector of the fluid particle at time $\tau$ that initially started at position $\xi$. The variable $x(t)$ is then the so-called Eulerian variable and belongs to the coordinate frame where the domain that is occupied by the fluid moves with time.The variable $\xi$ is the Lagrangian variable that belongs to time fixed variables. In these coordinates the fluid only occupies the domain $\Omega_{0}$ that is occupied at initial time t = 0.
To prove a global existence result for such a problem, it is important to guarantee the invertibility of this coordinate transform globally in time. By virtue of the inverse function theorem, this is the case if

$\nabla_{\xi }x(t)=Id+\int_{0}^{t}\nabla_{\xi }u(\tau ,\xi )d\tau $

is invertible. By using a Neumann series argument, this is invertible, if the integral termon the right-hand side is small in $L^{\infty }(\Omega _{0})$. Thus, it is important to have a global control of this $L^{1}$-time integral with values in $L^{\infty }(\Omega _{0})$. If the domain is bounded, this can be controlled by exponential decay properties of the corresponding semigroup operators that describe the motion of the linearized fluid equation. On unbounded domains, however, these decay properties are not true anymore. While there are technical possibilities to fix these problems if the boundary is compact, these fixes cease to work if the boundary is non-compact.
As a model problem, we consider the case where $\Omega _{0}$ is the upper half-space. To obtain estimates of the $L^{1}$-time integral we use the theorem of Da Prato and Grisvard of 1975 about maximal regularity in real interpolation spaces. The need of global in timecontrol, however, makes it necessary to work out a version of this theorem that involves “homogeneous” estimates only (this was also done in the book of Markus Haase). In the talk, we show how to obtain this global Lagrangian coordinate transform from this theorem of Da Prato and Grisvard.
A common way to prove global well-posedness of free boundary problems for incompressible viscous fluids is to transform the equations governing the fluid motion to a fixed domain with respect to the time variable. An elegant and physically reasonable way to do this is to introduce Lagrangian coordinates. These coordinates are given by the transformation rule

$x(t)=\xi +\int_{0}^{t}u(\tau ,\xi ) d\tau $

where $u(\tau ,\xi )$ is ...

35Q35 ; 76D05

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Research talks

In this talk, I will present a recent study on traveling waves solutions to a 1D biphasic Navier-Stokes system coupling compressible and incompressible phases. With this original fluid equations, we intend to model congestion (or saturation) phenomena in heterogeneous flows (mixtures, collective motion, etc.). I will first exhibit explicit partially congested propagation fronts and show that these solutions can be approached by profiles which are solutions to a singular compressible Navier-Stokes system. The last part of the talk will be dedicated to the analysis of the stability of the approximate profiles. This is a joint work with Anne-Laure Dalibard. In this talk, I will present a recent study on traveling waves solutions to a 1D biphasic Navier-Stokes system coupling compressible and incompressible phases. With this original fluid equations, we intend to model congestion (or saturation) phenomena in heterogeneous flows (mixtures, collective motion, etc.). I will first exhibit explicit partially congested propagation fronts and show that these solutions can be approached by profiles which ...

35Q35 ; 35L67

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Research talks

In this joint work with Athanasios Tzavaras (KAUST) and Corrado Lattanzio (L’Aquila) we develop a relative entropy framework for Hamiltonian flows that in particular covers the Euler-Korteweg system, a well-known diffuse interface model for compressible multiphase flows. We put a particular emphasis on extending the relative entropy framework to the case of non-monotone pressure laws which make the energy functional non-convex.The relative entropy computation directly implies weak (entropic)-strong uniqueness, but we will also outline how it can be used in other contexts. Firstly, we describe how it can be used to rigorously show that in the large friction limit solutions of Euler-Korteweg converge to solutions of the Cahn-Hilliard equation. Secondly, we explain how the relative entropy can be used for obtaining a posteriori error estimates for numerical approximation schemes. In this joint work with Athanasios Tzavaras (KAUST) and Corrado Lattanzio (L’Aquila) we develop a relative entropy framework for Hamiltonian flows that in particular covers the Euler-Korteweg system, a well-known diffuse interface model for compressible multiphase flows. We put a particular emphasis on extending the relative entropy framework to the case of non-monotone pressure laws which make the energy functional non-convex.The relative ...

35Q31 ; 76D45 ; 76T10

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Research talks

The Euler-Korteweg system corresponds to compressible, inviscid fluids with capillary forces. It can be used to model diffuse interfaces. Mathematically it reads as the Euler equations with a third order dispersive perturbation corresponding to the capillary tensor.

In dimension one there exists traveling waves with equal or different limit at infinity, respectively solitons and kinks. Their stability is ruled by a simple criterion a la Grillakis-Shatah-Strauss. This talk is devoted to the construction of multiple traveling waves, namely global solutions that converge as $t\rightarrow \infty $ to a profile made of several (stable) traveling waves. The waves constructed have both solitons and kinks. Multiple traveling waves play a peculiar role in the dynamics of dispersive equations, as they correspond to solutions that follow in some sense a purely nonlinear evolution.
The Euler-Korteweg system corresponds to compressible, inviscid fluids with capillary forces. It can be used to model diffuse interfaces. Mathematically it reads as the Euler equations with a third order dispersive perturbation corresponding to the capillary tensor.

In dimension one there exists traveling waves with equal or different limit at infinity, respectively solitons and kinks. Their stability is ruled by a simple criterion a la ...

35Q35 ; 35C07 ; 35Q53 ; 35Q31 ; 35B35

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Research talks;Analysis and its Applications;Partial Differential Equations

In this talk we consider the Laplace operator with Dirichlet boundary conditions on a smooth domain. We prove that it has a bounded $H^\infty$-calculus on weighted $L^p$-spaces for power weights which fall outside the classical class of $A_p$-weights. Furthermore, we characterize the domain of the operator and derive several consequences on elliptic and parabolic regularity. In particular, we obtain a new maximal regularity result for the heat equation with very rough inhomogeneous boundary data.
The talk is based on joint work with Nick Lindemulder.
In this talk we consider the Laplace operator with Dirichlet boundary conditions on a smooth domain. We prove that it has a bounded $H^\infty$-calculus on weighted $L^p$-spaces for power weights which fall outside the classical class of $A_p$-weights. Furthermore, we characterize the domain of the operator and derive several consequences on elliptic and parabolic regularity. In particular, we obtain a new maximal regularity result for the heat ...

46E35 ; 42B25 ; 46B70 ; 46E40 ; 47A60

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Research talks;Analysis and its Applications;Partial Differential Equations

The inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes equations that govern the evolution of viscous incompressible flows with non-constant density have received a lot of attention lately. In this talk, we shall mainly focus on the singular situation where the density is discontinuous, which is in particular relevant for describing the evolution of a mixture of two incompressible and non reacting fluids with constant density, or of a drop of liquid in vacuum. We shall highlight the places where tools in harmonic analysis play a key role, and present a few open problems. The inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes equations that govern the evolution of viscous incompressible flows with non-constant density have received a lot of attention lately. In this talk, we shall mainly focus on the singular situation where the density is discontinuous, which is in particular relevant for describing the evolution of a mixture of two incompressible and non reacting fluids with constant density, or of a drop of liquid in ...

35Q30 ; 76D05 ; 35Q35 ; 76D03

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Research talks;Analysis and its Applications;Partial Differential Equations

The weak-$A_\infty$ condition is a variant of the usual $A_\infty$ condition which does not require any doubling assumption on the weights. A few years ago Hofmann and Le showed that, for an open set $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ with $n$-AD-regular boundary, the BMO-solvability of the Dirichlet problem for the Laplace equation is equivalent to the fact that the harmonic measure satisfies the weak-$A_\infty$ condition. Aiming for a geometric description of the open sets whose associated harmonic measure satisfies the weak-$A_\infty$ condition, Hofmann and Martell showed in 2017 that if $\partial\Omega$ is uniformly $n$-rectifiable and a suitable connectivity condition holds (the so-called weak local John condition), then the harmonic measure satisfies the weak-$A_\infty$ condition, and they conjectured that the converse implication also holds.
In this talk I will discuss a recent work by Azzam, Mourgoglou and myself which completes the proof of the Hofman-Martell conjecture, by showing that the weak-$A_\infty$ condition for harmonic measure implies the weak local John condition.
The weak-$A_\infty$ condition is a variant of the usual $A_\infty$ condition which does not require any doubling assumption on the weights. A few years ago Hofmann and Le showed that, for an open set $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ with $n$-AD-regular boundary, the BMO-solvability of the Dirichlet problem for the Laplace equation is equivalent to the fact that the harmonic measure satisfies the weak-$A_\infty$ condition. Aiming for a geometric ...

31B15 ; 28A75 ; 28A78 ; 35J15 ; 35J08

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- xii; 479 p.
ISBN 978-0-8176-8396-2

Applied and numerical harmonic analysis

Localisation : Ouvrage RdC (GROU)

géométrie algébrique # analyse harmonique # analyse fonctionnelle # topologie # espace quasi-métrique # groupoïde # semi-groupoïde # semi-groupoïde # groupe topologique # espace métrique homogène

20N02 ; 22A22 ; 42B35 ; 46A16 ; 46A30 ; 46A40 ; 46B42 ; 54E35 ; 54E50 ; 54E52

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